The Ministry of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water is holding a consultation over the possible implementation of a Cross-Border Adjustment Mechanism to penalise imported cement for its CO2 emissions in line with the Australian cement industry’s emissions reduction goals. The Guardian Australia newspaper has reported that the government expects to publish its report on the policy in mid-late 2024. The government began implementing new CO2 emissions limits for Australia’s 200 largest industrial emitters in July 2023. It expects these to eliminate 200Mt-worth of CO2 emissions over the period up to 2030. Climate Change and Energy Minister Chris Bowen said “80% of these companies, and 86% of covered emissions, are covered by corporate net zero commitments.” Australia is committed to net zero CO2 emissions by 2050.
With regard to the proposed Cross-Border Adjustment Mechanism, Bowen said “It’s a potentially important mechanism to ensure domestic sovereign capability and supply. One of the biggest challenges we face is supply-chain crunches, and any measure which helps us deal with that is a positive thing for the transition.”