The government’s Directorate General of Chemical, Pharmaceutical and Textile Industries has written to industry associations, directing them to ensure that comprehensive emissions monitoring is carried out at all of their members’ plants. The Antara news agency has reported that the city of Jakarta is experiencing pollution levels at over eight times World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline levels. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry collected data from cement plants belonging to Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa, Jui Shin Indonesia and Solusi Bangun Indonesia, and found that they had not exceeded emissions thresholds.
Indonesia’s cement industry is primarily reliant on coal. The country is committed to a transition to 67% renewable energy by 2050. It is in the process of a 35GW national power capacity expansion, of which 20GW (57%) consists of coal-fired power plants.